Stroke is a sudden loss of brain function due to a disturbance in the brain's blood circulation. This can cause permanent disability or even death. Know the signs and symptoms of stroke, and call 911 right away if you think someone might be having a stroke. Getting fast treatment is important to preventing death and disability from stroke.
Someone in the United States has a stroke every 40 seconds; getting help and getting it fast is essential to survival and recovery. For this reason, the state of Missouri created the Time Critical Diagnosis system to help first responders quickly identify those hospitals best equipped to treat stroke patients.
Lake Regional Health System is designated as a Level II Stroke Center by the Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services. This certification means the state has verified that Lake Regional is able to provide a high level of expert care to patients who have experienced stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA).
Nationally Recognized Stroke Care
Lake Regional Hospital is a recipient of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association's Get With The Guidelines®–Stroke Gold Plus Quality Achievement Award with Target: Stroke Honor RollSM Elite Plus. The award recognizes the hospital's commitment and success in ensuring that stroke patients receive the most appropriate treatment according to nationally recognized, research-based guidelines based on the latest scientific evidence.
There are two types of stroke: ischemic stroke (insufficient blood flow) and hemorrhagic stroke (a ruptured blood vessel). Treatment depends on the type of stroke. The only FDA-approved treatment for ischemic stroke is tPA (tissue plasminogen activator). According to the American Stroke Association, patients can benefit from the clot-busting drug tPA up to 4.5 hours after stroke symptoms begin. The guidelines apply to most patients with ischemic stroke, accounting for 80 percent of strokes each year.
Recovery and Rehabilitation
Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability, affecting nearly 800,000 Americans each year. Recovery time after a stroke varies; it can take weeks, months or even years. If you have had a stroke, rehabilitation therapy may help.
Rehabilitation begins in the hospital as soon as possible following a stroke and should continue as necessary after your release. Your recovery and rehabilitation program may include the following.
Because anyone at any age can have a stroke, it's important to know the signs to prevent disability or death. FAST is an easy way to remember the signs of stroke.
Face: Ask the person to smile. Is there a droop on one side or an uneven smile?
Arm: Ask the person to raise both arms with their eyes closed. Does one arm drift down because of weakness? Is there arm numbness?
Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Can he or she repeat it? Is speech slurred or difficult to understand?
Time: Call 911 and get to a stroke center immediately. The faster treatment is administered, the better the outcome.
Stroke symptoms also may include:
- Numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
- Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- A severe headache without a known cause