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Sleep Disorders

Research shows that as many as 70 million Americans may be affected by chronic sleep loss or sleep disorders that can affect work, school and relationships. In addition, a sleep disorder can make some medical conditions worse or lead to other medical problems.

Common Sleep Disorders

  • Circadian rhythm disorders
  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Insomnia
  • Narcolepsy
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Parasomnias
  • Periodic limb movement disorders
  • Restless legs syndrome

Sleep Disorder Symptoms

Talk to your primary care physician about a sleep study if you are experiencing one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Excessive sleepiness or fatigue during the day
  • Difficulty sleeping, including trouble falling asleep, waking frequently during the night, waking too early, not being able to fall back asleep or waking unrefreshed
  • Loud snoring
  • Pauses in breathing or gasping for breath during sleep
  • Difficulty concentrating or memory problems
  • Irritability or depression
  • Morning headaches
  • Nighttime leg discomfort or movement of your arms and legs while you sleep
  • Weakness or loss of muscle strength, often in response to strong emotion
  • Sleepwalking or sleep talking
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)

Sleep Disorder Causes

  • Lifestyle factors, including eating, drinking and exercise habits
  • Environmental factors (noise, bedding and interruptions by children or pets)
  • Shift work and jet lag
  • Certain medications
  • Psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety and stress
  • Certain medical problems, such as high blood pressure, pain, acid reflux, enlarged prostate and asthma
  • Hormonal factors
  • Melatonin levels