About Sleep Disorders

The National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research has found that 40 million Americans are chronically ill with various sleep disorders that can negatively affect their quality of life. If you have persistent problems with sleep, they should not be ignored. Chronic sleep deficiency can affect your mental and physical performance, and lead to severe health conditions like diabetes, heart attack and stroke. 

Common sleep disorders include:

  • Insomnia
  • Narcolepsy
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Movement Disorders
  • Restless Leg Syndrome
If you're experiencing one of more of the following symptoms, talk with your primary care physician. You may need to undergo a sleep study.
  • Excessive sleepiness or fatigue during the day
  • Difficulty sleeping, including trouble falling asleep, waking frequently during the night, waking too early, not being able to fall back asleep or waking unrefreshed
  • Loud snoring
  • Pauses in breathing or gasping for breath during sleep
  • Difficulty concentrating or memory problems
  • Irritability or depression
  • Morning headaches
  • Nighttime leg discomfort or movement of your arms and legs while you sleep
  • Weakness or loss of muscle strength, often in response to strong emotion
  • Sleepwalking or sleep talking 
  • Hypertension/high blood pressure 

Common causes of sleep disorders:

  • Lifestyle factors, including eating, drinking and exercise habits
  • Environmental factors (noise, bedding and interruptions by children or pets)
  • Shift work and jet lag
  • Certain medications
  • Psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety and stress
  • Certain medical problems, such as high blood pressure, pain, acid reflux, enlarged prostate and asthma
  • Hormonal factors
  • Melatonin levels