impairments are characterized by specific sound impairments that are defined by
one or more of the following:
One sound is substituted for another in one or more positions in a word. For
example, “baf” for “bath,” or “take” for “cake.”
One or more sounds in omitted from words.
- Distortion: The sound is produced in words, but is
distorted or incorrectly made. Distortion errors commonly include mispronunciation of the sounds r, l,
- Addition: sounds are added to words that don’t belong.
errors are common as speech and language skills develop in young children. However, when articulation errors persist
past an age where the sounds should be produced normally, a speech therapy
assessment may be warranted. The ages at
which articulation errors are normal or abnormal vary for each sound. Your
pediatrician is a good resource to determine if you should be concerned about
your child’s articulation, and can refer you to a speech therapist for
speech is a motor disorder caused by difficulty of the brain sending the
correct message to the mouth and articulators to correctly form speech
sounds. It is not a result of weakness
of the mouth. Symptoms of apraxia of
speech may include severe delays in talking, very limited speech output, speech
that is limited to only a few sounds, speech
that is very difficult to understand, or speech that has errors that are not
patterned (as in articulation impairment).
Lake Regional’s speech therapy team has years of
experience evaluating and treating
articulation and motor speech delays in children, capitalizing on fun
play for your child while targeting speech changes.
For more information on apraxia of speech, please
visit the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) website.