Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive impairment is comprised of deficits in one or more areas of cognitive functioning:

  • Memory: recalling either long-term (happened in the near to far past) or short-term (happened very recently) information
  • Attention: ability to attend to a single task over a sustained period of time, flex attention between tasks, or pay attention to more than one task at a time
  • Problem-solving: ability to solve both simple, routine daily problems (what to wear or eat for breakfast), or complex problems (pay bills, plan a vacation)
  • Organization: ability to sequence thoughts to maintain progression from one task to another to accomplish a goal
  • Executive function: overlying ability to coordinate all of the above cognitive areas to function independently in tasks of daily living

Cognitive impairment can be caused by a specific brain injury, such as stroke or traumatic brain injury acquired in an accident. It also occurs as a result of degenerative brain diseases, such as dementia, Parkinson Disease, Multiple Sclerosis and others. 

The speech therapy team at Lake Regional offers formal evaluation and assessment of cognitive deficits resulting from any cause. We have experienced successful outcomes treating persons that have cognitive deficits as a result of specific brain injury, and also offer family/caregiver education for improved management and care of individuals with degenerative cognitive impairment. 

For more information about dementia, please visit the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) website.

For more information about traumatic brain injury, please visit the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) website.