impairment is comprised of deficits in one or more areas of cognitive
Memory: recalling either long-term (happened in
the near to far past) or short-term (happened very recently) information
Attention: ability to attend to a single task over
a sustained period of time, flex attention between tasks, or pay attention
to more than one task at a time
Problem-solving: ability to solve both simple,
routine daily problems (what to wear or eat for breakfast), or complex
problems (pay bills, plan a vacation)
Organization: ability to sequence thoughts to
maintain progression from one task to another to accomplish a goal
Executive function: overlying ability to coordinate
all of the above cognitive areas to function independently in tasks of
impairment can be caused by a specific brain injury, such as stroke or
traumatic brain injury acquired in an accident. It also occurs as a result of degenerative brain diseases, such as
dementia, Parkinson Disease, Multiple Sclerosis and others.
therapy team at Lake Regional offers formal evaluation and assessment of
cognitive deficits resulting from any cause. We have experienced successful outcomes treating persons that have
cognitive deficits as a result of specific brain injury, and also offer family/caregiver
education for improved management and care of individuals with degenerative
For more information about dementia, please visit the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) website.
For more information about traumatic brain injury,
please visit the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) website.