Treatment Options

Lake Regional offers full-service adult cardiothoracic and vascular treatment. Procedures available at Lake Regional include the following.
  • Aneurysm screening and treatment
  • Angiography
  • Angioplasty
  • Cardiac stenting
  • Cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) placement     
  • Coronary artery bypass       
  • Heart valve repair and replacement
  • Digital cardiac catheterization    
  • Pacemaker placement        
  • Peripheral stenting      
  • Peripheral vascular evaluation
  • Rotational atherectomy (plaque removal) 

Cardiac Catheterization

Door-to-balloon time is the interval between when a patient with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, known as STEMI, arrives in the emergency department, and a catheter guidewire is inserted to open the blocked vessel in the cardiac cath lab.

Our average door-to-balloon time is 50 minutes; the national guideline recommends completion of this process within 90 minutes of a patient's arrival. According to the American College of Cardiology, the national average door-to-balloon time is 60 minutes.

Learn how local EMS providers, Lake Regional Emergency Department staff, Cath Lab staff and cardiologists, work together to ensure Lake Regional's heart attack care is beating the clock. 

Lake Regional’s Cardiac Catheterization Lab treats nearly 1,900 patients annually.

The Cath Lab meets nationally recognized standards and features state-of-the-art equipment necessary to find and treat cardiac and peripheral vascular disease. The lab is the first in the state to acquire flex vision technology, which provides the best imaging quality available.To learn more, visit

The most common procedure performed in our lab is cardiac catheterization to diagnose heart disease. This procedure allows your physician to see the vessels that surround your heart. If an abnormality is detected, several treatment options may be considered. Your cardiologist will determine which treatment is best based on your needs and condition.

Other procedures performed in the Cath Lab include balloon angioplasty, rotational atherectomy, and stent, pacemaker and cardioverter defibrillator placement, as well as several procedures to diagnose and treat a variety of vascular issues.

Open Heart Surgery

Coronary artery bypass graft surgery, often called open heart surgery, treats blocked heart arteries by creating new passages for blood to flow to the heart muscles. Lake Regional is equipped to perform this procedure if it is determined you need surgery to treat heart disease. 

Typically, the surgeon takes arteries or veins from other parts of the body, called grafts, and uses them to re-route the blood around the clogged artery. A patient may need one, two, three or more bypass grafts, depending on how many arteries are blocked.

Open heart surgery patients are cared for by our highly skilled staff. Our cardiothoracic surgeons perform open heart surgery, as well as vascular and thoracic surgeries. Following open heart surgery or other cardiac procedures, patients recover in the Cardiac Care Unit, located with the ICU on the hospital’s first floor.

Diagnostic Testing

Holter monitors (ambulatory electrocardiograms) test the electrical activity of your heart while you go about daily activities. Because some heart problems only occur during specific activities, like exercise, this continuous, 24-hour recording is likely to detect any abnormal heartbeats. Patients may be asked to keep a diary of events while wearing the monitor. For information, contact Lake Regional’s EKG Department at 573-302-2235.

Stress tests (exercise electrocardiograms) record the electrical activity of the heart through mechanical (during exercise) or chemical (using certain medications) means. Tests are conducted while a cardiologist is present, and the results will help your physician prescribe a safe amount of exercise for you. Stress tests take place in the Radiology Department on the first floor of Lake Regional Hospital. For information, call 573-348-8363.